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Acne scars and their treatment

Introduction and background

The worst possible aftermath of acne are the scars that mark the spots owned by acne. Even if we do get over acne and try to overcome its causes, these scars haunt like memories of past, eating away our confidence. Thus, treating the scars is as important as treating the acne itself. However, active acne has to be treated first and the scar cure comes afterwards. Over the shelf topical anti biotic are very effective for many but our dermatologist is the best judge of our condition and we should not shy away from consultation ever. Once we get rid of acne, we can focus on getting the flawless and spot free skin again by treating the acne scars.

Types of  acne scars

The first step to treating the scar is recognizing the type. Acne scars may be of the following types:
• Rolling Scars – when the subcutaneous tissue of the skin becomes damaged a rolling scar with a rolling or “wave-like” appearance is formed. These are best treated through subcision.
• Boxcar Scars – they have sharp edges and are wider than ice pick scars. They make the skin look pitted and can be treated by skin resurfacing, punch excision or dermal fillers.
• Ice Pick Scars – this makes the skin look punctured and such scars are typically deep. The deep hole is caused by an infected cyst or a blemish inflammation. These are cured through punch excision or punch grafting.
• The Keloid scar or hypertrophic scar – this is a red tissue scar which develops because of over production of collagen. Cortisone creams, tapes, or injections are commonly used to soften and level the scar.

Depending upon our skin type and the type of scar, we should consult our dermatologist for the best available treatment and remember that the treatment that is effective for us is the best not the one which may be most popular.

 

Laser treatment

Laser technology has advanced by leaps and bounds and now many possible options are available to those who are looking forward to removing acne as if it was never there. Some of the more popular treatments available are:
• A Carbon dioxide laser therapy
This therapy aims to destroy the top scarred layer of skin and re grow the scar free skin. The side effects may include permanent whitening of skin.
• Pulsed-dye laser
This removes the redness of scars to improve the appearance of skin.

 

Dermabrasion and microdermabrasion
In dermabrasion a high speed brush is used to remove dead and damaged layers of skin. In microdermabrasion aluminium oxide crystals are used instead of the high speed brush.

 

Dermal Fillers

The skin is injected to fill the scars and to make it rise, it gives an even look however the solution is costly, painful and temporary since it has to be repeated again and again. Fat and collagen are more common fillers.

 

Subcutaneous Incision

This is more suited for rolling scars to break the tethered bands with the help of syringe.

 

Drugs

Acne drugs may be topical, oral or injectable. The best for us will again depend upon the recommendation of our consultant and the toll it takes on our pockets.

 

Home Remedies

Home remedies are age old and if tried by our own ancestors then they may be better than most medications since they suit the genes. All in all these are less dangerous and more effective since these make use of the natural ingredients.
• Make a paste of rose water and sandal wood and apply it as a mask, this helps to cool the skin. Sandal soaps, sandal dust and sandal moisturising creams are also easily available. It also improves complexion.
• Icing the scar is good for reducing inflammation but this is effective temporarily only.
• Aloe Vera not only helps to get rid of acne it also nourishes the skin and treats acne.
• Lemon juice acts as a bleaching agent and lightens the skin and dark spots. This should not be used on active acne or sensitive skin.
• Tomatoes are rich in vitamin A and renew and refresh the skin. These also improve complexion.
• Olive oil acts as a moisturiser. Massaging the skin with the olive oil improves the appearance of scars.
• Using honey as a mask also acts as a moisturiser like olive oil.
• Tomatoes and cucumber when combined together tighten the skin pores and provide an even look.
• Lavender oil fights acne.

 

Conclusion

The scars caused due to acne are certainly not acceptable since these not only remind us of the past but also lower our self confidence. The ideal method of treating acne scars is the one that is most economical for us and suits our skin type. Fortunately, with the advent of acne scar treatment kits, we now have the option of trying the safest and most effective acne scar therapy that will not only treat scars but may also help prevent their occurrence in the first place.

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