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Understanding different skin type and their link with acne

Introduction and background

It’s everyone’s dream to get a vibrant, glowing and full of life spotless and freckle-free skin. However, in today’s modern world, soft, smooth, flawless skin can be difficult to achieve and even more challenging to maintain. Your skin’s health is largely determined by diet, lifestyle habits, and sun exposure, which can sabotage healthy skin and leave lasting effects on skin strength, resiliency, and appearance. The following article is intended to identify and differentiate between common skin types and will help you choose a suitable treatment in accordance with your very own skin category.

In the early 1900s, four different skins types; dry, oily, combination, and sensitive, were identified and characterized by Helena Rubinstein. Each of those skin types is characterized by its own features and specifications such as:


Dry Skin (Xerosis)

This skin type is characterized by a dull gray-white color, rough texture, and an elevated number of ridges. The oily secretion of the sebaceous glands, which contains wax esters, sterol esters, cholesterol, di- and triglycerides, and squalene is believed to protect the skin from environmental influences and, when production is lower, contribute to dry skin. When the body’s natural oily layer on the skin dries out, the skin is unable to produce enough oil and moisture for the body to replenish the amount being lost. For the most part, the skin is able to replace that which is lost, but sometimes the body’s efforts are not enough and the skin needs more protection.


Oily skin

Sometimes also known as acne prone skin, Oily skin is particularly common in adolescents and young adults. At this age there is a dramatic increase in sebum production under the influence of the hormones. Oily skin is characterized by the abundance and nature of the sebum excreted at the skin surface by the sebaceous gland, target organ of androgens. It is most frequently encountered in adolescents and young adults. Excess of sebum gives the skin a shiny appearance, particularly on the forehead, the sides of the nose and the chin. In severe cases, various forms of acne can develop. An oily skin is also thick, well moisturised and covered with a protective oily film.


Sensitive skin

Sensitive skin is more common, with more than 40% of people claiming to have such skin. Sensitive skin is generally considered as skin which is easily irritated and probably has a genetic element. Some people with this condition cannot tolerate contact with any cosmetic products, however well-formulated they may be. Sensitive skin can be associated with a medical condition called atopy, where people have an inherited predisposition to eczema, hay fever and asthma. About 15-20% of the population has the genetic ability to develop eczema, asthma and hay fever.


Combination skin

Also known as “mixed” type of skin, this skin form is considered variable when exposed to different external and internal factors such as weather, climate, medicines intake, diet consumption etc.,


Acne and different skin types

Whenever acne occurs, it does not differentiate between skin types and forms. However, the role of skin type comes into play when one has to choose a certain treatment. You must remember that acne treatment must always be customized. What works for you the best may not work for others and vice versa? Therefore, you should ideally choose an acne treatment that either could be customized to suit your skin and acne needs or, alternatively, will turn out to be safe and suitable for all types of skin.


An ideal acne treatment

Specially formulated to treat dry, oily, or acne prone skin types, you should choose an ideal acne treatment that uses pure essential oils, vitamin E extract, algae extract, Witch Hazel, allantoin and other rare herbal ingredients to protect, strengthen, and improve the appearance of skin and prevent it from ageing and acne effects.


Specific benefits of an ideal acne treatment to each skin type

For Dry Skin: Moisturises and nourishes dehydrated skin.
For Oily Skin: Controls surface oils and build-up and minimizes shine.
For Acne-Prone Skin: Soothes blemished skin and discourages future breakouts.

All in all, by choosing an ideal acne treatment, it would not really matter what type of skin you have, as long as you choose a treatment that is perfectly safe and suitable for all types of acne lesions and skins.

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